In the context of conflict-ridden Democratic Republic of Congo, warring factions fight for control over the country’s mineral wealth as well as the bodies of its citizens—particularly women, so many of whom continue to be violated by militia groups for whom rape is a tool of war. Women often suffer gang rape; perpetrators frequently re-penetrate female victims with objects that create fistulae or tears in the walls between the uterus and the bladder or bowel, often leading to incontinence and social isolation and stigma related to this condition. Women and sometimes men endure shame within their communities following their victimization. Some are compelled to leave their families. Other women are forced into marriage with their perpetrators. Rape becomes a means of attacking and undermining a community’s social structure and gaining control over resources, including gold, diamonds, tin, tantalum, and tungsten, much of the demand for which is fueled by global consumption of electronic goods.